Charles Sturt University
Charles Sturt University

Definitions

Definitions of terms frequently used within the Division of Facilities Management

Best Practice
Building and Construction Industry
Client
Code of Practice
Consultant
Contract
Contractor
Design & Construct Contract
Government Agency
Industry Association
Party
Principal
Principal Contractor
Project
Subcontractor
Supplier
Tender
Tenderer
Value for Money

Best Practice: Continuous improvement of processes, products and services to ensure world-class standards of performance.

Building and Construction Industry: Those activities associated with residential and non-residential building; refurbishment and fit out; landscaping; demolition; civil and other engineering construction; all associated maintenance; and related consultancies.

Client:
The project, building or facility owner, or their agent.

Code of Practice:
A document that outlines and establishes principles and standards of behavior.

Consultant:
A professional acting as an organisation or individual such as an architect, engineer, quantity surveyor, project manager, building scientist or the like, commissioned to advise on or undertake planning, design, supervision or specific technical advisory activities relevant to a project or building.

Contract:
An agreement for the supply of goods or the performance of services.

Contractor:
An organisation, entity or individual responsible for the performance of the work specified under a contract.

Design & Construct Contract:
A design & construct contract requires the Contractor to tender on the works described in the Design Brief (prepared by the Principal), and tender not only for the construction of the works described in that Design Brief, but also for the completion of the detailed design, consistent with that Design Brief. The nature of this type of contract is such that the Principal is able to enjoy the advantages of design efficiencies which Contractors, through their contracting experience, may be able to incorporate into the design of the works, which may have the effect of reducing construction cost. The Principal is still required to adequately specify (in the Design Brief) the works to be completed for the Contract Sum. The degree to which that works is specified, however, is less than that which would occur under a construction only contract. The accuracy of the Design Brief (which, again, is discussed further below), is critical to the Principal being able to rely on the design & construct contract.

Government Agency

  • Any department or statutory body as those expressions are defined in the Financial Administration and Audit Act 1977; and
  • Any government owned corporation and its subsidiaries where the shareholding Ministers have given a notification pursuant to section 123 of the Government Owned Corporations Act 1993.

Industry Association: An organisation representing the professional and/or trade or commercial interests of its members.

Party:
Includes but is not limited to clients; agents of clients; principals; contractors; subcontractors; suppliers; consultants; employees; unions, including their officials, employees and members; and industry associations while undertaking a representative role.

Principal:
The person, entity or organisation responsible for contracting with a contractor or consultant for the carrying out of the work.

Principal Contractor:
For a construction workplace (other than a construction workplace for domestic premises) the principal contractor is:

  • the person appointed as principal contractor by the owner of the workplace;
  • if no principal contractor is appointed, the owner of the workplace; and
  • for a construction workplace for domestic premises, the principal contractor is the person in control of the workplace.


Project:
An activity or undertaking with a defined objective or objectives, beginning and end.

Service Provider:
Includes contractors, subcontractors, consultants, suppliers and agents who are contracted to provide goods and/or services.

Subcontractor:
A party that provides goods and/or services to a contractor or to a subcontractor.

Supplier:
Any party that provides goods to a contractor or subcontractor.

Tender:
Prices, bids, quotations and consultant proposals.

Tenderer:
The party submitting a tender.

Value for Money:
Value for money does not automatically mean the lowest price and should consider factors including but not limited to:

  • contribution to Government objectives;
  • fitness for purpose and other considerations of quality;
  • performance;
  • delivery;
  • accessories and consumables;
  • service support;
  • cost related factors, such as whole of life costs and transaction costs;
  • disposal;
  • environmental standards;
  • industry development;
  • health and safety of the work force and the public;
  • risk exposure; and
  • technical and financial issues

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