BMS126 Foundations Of Human Physiology (8)

This subject describes the physiology of the human body, emphasising aspects pertinent to allied health professions. Starting with concepts in chemistry and biochemistry related to human physiology, it explores the function of the human body in health and disease placing emphasis on its hierarchical organisation from molecules to organ systems.

Subject Outlines
Current CSU students can view Subject Outlines for recent sessions. Please note that Subject Outlines and assessment tasks are updated each session.


Session 1 (30)
On Campus
Albury-Wodonga Campus
Port Macquarie Campus

Continuing students should consult the SAL for current offering details: BMS126. Where differences exist between the Handbook and the SAL, the SAL should be taken as containing the correct subject offering details.

Subject Information

Grading System



One session


School of Community Health

Enrolment Restrictions

Bachelor of  Health Science (Speech Pathology)
Bachelor of Occupational Therapy
Bachelor of Health Science (Speech Pathology) Honours
Bachelor of Occupational Therapy Honours

Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion of this subject, students should:
  • Describe the principles of chemistry related to biological function
  • Describe the basic principles of biochemical processes
  • Describe cell and tissue structure and function
  • Describe basic physiological principles and the relationship between structure and function of the human body;
  • Describe the organisation and function of the nervous system
  • Describe the function of the endocrine system, hormones produced, and their mechanisms of action;
  • Describe the physiology of muscle contraction;
  • Describe the structure and function of the cardiovascular system
  • Describe the physiological principles of respiration;
  • Describe the essentials of digestion and absorption
  • Describe renal function
  • Describe basic human genetics and heredity
  • Describe the basic principles of infection control


This subject will cover the following topics:
  • Cell and tissue structure and function; the eukaryotic cell, organelles, DNA replication, transcription, translation, mitosis, chromosomes and genetics;
  • Homeostasis, negative feedback mechanisms;
  • Neural Control Systems: functional anatomy of the nervous system, membrane potentials, synapses, receptors, special senses, pain;
  • Endocrine Systems: target cell specificity, mechanisms of hormone action, control of hormone secretion;
  • Musculoskeletal physiology with particular emphasis on muscle contraction; formation, structure and function of bone;
  • Circulation: the cardiac cycle, ECG, cardiac output, haemodynamics, regulation of blood pressure, cardiovascular homeostasis;
  • Respiration, ventilation and lung mechanics, gas exchange, transport of gases in the blood, control of respiration, speech;
  • A brief overview of the physiology of blood, its components, haemostasis, mechanisms of immunity;
  • A brief overview of digestion and absorption of food
  • Infection control
  • Renal physiology, mechanism of urine formation, regulation of pH, sodium, chloride and water balance

Special Resources

Access to an appropriately resourced laboratory to study microbiology and infection control. This is already available on the Albury-Wodonga campus.


Current Students

For any enquiries about subject selection or course structure please contact Student Central or or phone on 1800 275 278.

Prospective Students

For further information about Charles Sturt University, or this course offering, please contact info.csu on 1800 275 278 (free call within Australia) or enquire online.

The information contained in the 2018 CSU Handbook was accurate at the date of publication: August 2018. The University reserves the right to vary the information at any time without notice.