PKM230 Social Psychology of Risk in Outdoor Recreation (8)

This subject studies the nature of risk and adventure in recreational activities. Students will learn about the nature of the adventure experience, the classification of the various adventure participation models, the motivations for participation, and the personal value and outcomes of adventure participation. Students also learn to identify the needs of  managers in effectively catering to the social and environmental needs of adventure participants. On completion students appreciate the role of adventure in touristic, educational, recreational, or therapeutic activities and take responsibility for their own actions for conducting these activities within that context.


Session 1 (30)
On Campus
Albury-Wodonga Campus
Port Macquarie Campus
Albury-Wodonga Campus

Continuing students should consult the SAL for current offering details: PKM230. Where differences exist between the Handbook and the SAL, the SAL should be taken as containing the correct subject offering details.

Subject Information

Grading System



One session


School of Environmental Sciences

Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion of this subject, students should:
  • have an in-depth understanding of risk and adventure and the relationship between the two
  • have an understanding of how personal values and motivations regarding risk and adventure are shaped by various social psychological influences
  • have a range of abilities in effectively balancing the desires for adventure of participants and / or programmers with the need for safety
  • have a range of abilities in effectively balancing the desires for adventure of participants and / or programmers with the need for conservation
  • appreciate the role of providing appropriate adventure in tourism, educational, recreational or therapeutic activities and take responsibility for their own actions in conducting these activities


This subject will cover the following topics:

1. Defining adventure and risk taking
2. Defining adventure pursuits
3. Examining the nature of the adventure experience
4. Historical overview of the quest for adventure
5. The benefits of outdoor adventure pursuits
6. Motivations in outdoor recreation
7. Motivations in outdoor adventure pursuits
8. Models and theories of adventure participation
9. Trends in outdoor adventure pursuits
10. Adventure pursuits and different populations
11. A model of non-participation
12. Adventure recreation in protected areas


For further information about courses and subjects outlined in the CSU handbook please contact:

Current students

Future students

The information contained in the CSU Handbook was accurate at the date of publication: May 2019. The University reserves the right to vary the information at any time without notice.