ISL101 Mantiq (Logic) and Critical Reasoning (8)

This subject will introduce students to principles of critical reasoning and Islamic literature of mantiq (logic). Historically Muslim logicians were able to develop a distinct system of logic, uniquely suited for examining concepts, ideas, and strictures rooted in divine revelation. Al-Ghazali's rules of logic will be examined. In addition, students will develop the skills to differentiate between valid and invalid, sound and unsound arguments. They will also practice and develop skills in constructing sound logical arguments and in applying critical reasoning in their writing and research.


* Offering has a residential school. Please view following information for further details.

Session 1 (30)
Online *
United Theological College

Continuing students should consult the SAL for current offering details: ISL101. Where differences exist between the Handbook and the SAL, the SAL should be taken as containing the correct subject offering details.

Subject Information

Grading System



One session


Centre for Islamic Studies and Civilisation

Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion of this subject, students should:
  • be able to demonstrate an understanding of the role of mantiq (logic) in Islam
  • be able to demonstrate an appreciation for Muslim scholars of mantiq (logic)
  • be able to apply mantiq (logic) in their writing
  • be able to demonstrate an understanding of the different types of critical reasoning used in Islamic Studies
  • be able to apply critical reasoning in their writing
  • be able to demonstrate the ability to construct logical arguments
  • be able to identify and analyse the nature of arguments and logical fallacies


This subject will cover the following topics:
  • Introduction to mantiq (logic) and reasoning
  • Validity and soundness in reasoning
  • Persuasion matters in reasoning
  • How to give logically sound reasoning
  • How to evaluate reasoning of others
  • Logical forms in reasoning
  • Complex logical forms
  • Everyday reasoning and its effectiveness
  • Five rules of mantiq by al-Ghazali
  • Reasoning by analogy
  • Abductive reasoning and statistical generalisation
  • Causal generalisation

The information contained in the CSU Handbook was accurate at the date of publication: October 2020. The University reserves the right to vary the information at any time without notice.