Charles Sturt University
Charles Sturt University


Research Performance

There are numerous metrics applied that indicate research performance. When considering performance, we are always interested to consider what impact our activities may have had, how policy and practice may have been influenced as a result of our research. Impact can be challenging to measure and meaningful indicators of impact generally can only be measured some time after the research has occurred.

More immediate indicators of performance are found through looking at measures of inputs and outputs, more specifically, the sector monitors research income, research publications and creative works, student load and completions statistics. Some of this information is reported annually to the government in the Higher Education Research Data Collection (HERDC).

Charles Sturt University has concentrations of research activity across a diverse range of fields and disciplines as well as inter- and cross-disciplinary research. These assessment of quality and impact will always be challenging, especially across diverse fields and over various timeframes.  CSU participates in the national Excellence in Research for Australia initiative, which seeks to provide greater insight into the quality of research conducted at Australian Universities.

We will progressively be adding additional information to this site in relation to CSU Research targets and progress towards them, as well as the types of indicators of performance that are monitored both internally and externally.

Definition of Research

For the purposes of internal and external reporting, CSU applies the definition of research that is provided by the Commonwealth Department of Industry, Innovation, Science and Research (DIISR).  The definition is copied below from the 2015 Higher Education Research Data Collection (HERDC) Specifications.

Research is defined as the creation of new knowledge and/or the use of existing knowledge in a new and creative way so as to generate new concepts, methodologies and understandings. This could include synthesis and analysis of previous research to the extent that it leads to new and creative outcomes.

This definition of research is consistent with a broad notion of research and experimental development (R&D) as comprising of creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of humanity, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications*.

This definition of research encompasses pure and strategic basic research, applied research and experimental development. Applied research is original investigation undertaken to acquire new knowledge but directed towards a specific, practical aim or objective (including a client-driven purpose).

Activities that support the conduct of research and therefore meet the definition of research include:

  • professional, technical, administrative or clerical support staff directly engaged in activities essential to the conduct of research
  • management of staff who are either directly engaged in the conduct of research or are providing professional, technical, administrative or clerical support or assistance to those staff
  • the activities and training of HDR students enrolled at the HEP
  • the development of HDR training and courses
  • the supervision of students enrolled at the HEP and undertaking HDR training and courses
  • research and experimental development into applications software, new programming languages and new operating systems (such R&D would normally meet the definition of research)

Activities that do not support the conduct of research must be excluded, such as:

  • scientific and technical information services
  • general purpose or routine data collection
  • standardisation and routine testing
  • feasibility studies (except into research and experimental development projects)
  • specialised routine medical care
  • commercial, legal and administrative aspects of patenting, copyright or licensing activities
  • routine computer programming, systems work or software maintenance.

*OECD (2002), Frascati Manual: Proposed Standard Practice for Surveys on Research and Experimental Development, OECD: Paris.

What is MyResearch?

All submission of research outputs including journal articles, books, chapters, conference papers, reports and creative works must be made through CRO.

What is CRO?

CRO (CSU Research Output) is the CSU Institutional Repository and contains research articles (predominantly journal articles, conference papers, books and book chapters) as well as creative works produced by CSU staff.

What is the HERDC/ROC?

The Higher Education Research Data Collection (HERDC) is an annual government reporting requirement, comprising research data (income and formerly publications) from all Australian tertiary institutions. The data collected is used to determine funding allocations to the tertiary sector. The annual assessment of publications from 2015 onwards has been replaced internally with the Research Outputs Collection (ROC)

What is ERA?

ERA (Excellence in Research for Australia) is a research assessment initiative being conducted by the Australian Research Council (ARC). At CSU, CRO is the authoritative source of information on research outputs, including journal articles, books, conference papers, chapters, creative works, and research reports. All research outputs by eligible CSU researchers must be in CRO before the next ERA assessment occurs.

Submitting research outputs

Submission of research outputs for reporting purposes (ERA, and the internal Research Outputs Collection) needs to be made through CRO. Please upload your final accepted draft so that it can be made open access where copyright permits.

Changing records in CRO

If you wish to change details on a record, you can update this in CRO yourself. Changes will be sent to CRO administrators for approval. Do this if you find errors in the bibliographic, author or FoR code information.

Changing FoR codes

You can add or change FORs yourself in CRO. Open the output you wish to modify, and scroll down to "Discipline Assignment". Select from the list the FORs and assign a percentage for each.

For ERA all conference papers, books, book chapters and creative works require up to three FoR codes. It is very important for the CSU ERA submission that they are correct.

The ARC are allocating FoR codes to ranked journals and conferences. Please ensure that you specify the FoR code for your articles in case there is an option to choose one ARC allocated FoR over another.

The preferred FoR codes for CSU can be found at: Fields of Research (FOR) ANZSRC2008 page.

The complete list from the ABS can be found on the Research Codes page.

What happens to your outputs when they are submitted?

  • The item will be reviewed by the Research Office to determine reporting suitability, and the Library to ascertain if there are copyright restrictions on the publication. Please note, personal details and information entered specifically for HERDC/ROC will not be picked up by search engines or viewable in the CRO public portal.

Submitting your Thesis

You are required to submit an electronic copy of your thesis through the online form into the CSU Institutional Repository - CRO.

The thesis should be saved as a PDF/A (Archive version in a format that should be able to viewed in the future). If you are submitting a second, abridged version include the word archive in the name of the version to be archived.

Also, all fonts must be embedded in the document and no additional security features are allowed. Further information about Submitting your Thesis.