Referencing is the acknowledgement of information sources in your work. It's how you give credit to the original owner of an idea, piece of writing or creative work.
Importance of referencing
By referencing your work correctly, you'll save time, avoid plagiarism, and not lose any marks in assignments. You must also reference to:
- allow the reader to source the information and be able to read further
- give your work credibility and reliability
- make it very clear to the reader that you are not trying to pretend that the ideas are your own
- give the reader confidence in your writing by letting them know where you obtained your information and indicating that you have thoroughly checked your facts.
Introduction of APA (7th ed.)
As always, see your Subject Outline for details of the referencing system you should be following. The differences between the two versions are minimal and will be explored in short workshops offered from late February. Both the APA (6th ed.) and APA (7th ed.) Referencing Summaries have been uploaded to this page for your use. The APA Referencing Tool will be uploaded as soon as possible.
Guides and tutorials
How to reference chevron_right
Referencing has two essential aspects:
- Citing references 'in text'.
- The references list at the end of your work.
In text referencing is acknowledgement of the work of others within the text of your essay or piece of writing. Material that must be referenced includes:
- Direct quotations: this means you take the exact words from your source and enclose them within inverted commas. Your in-text reference includes the surname of the author, year of publication and page number.
- Paraphrasing: this means you use your own words to express ideas taken from another source. Your reference must include the surname of the author, and year of publication. The page number is not required when paraphrasing material. The reference list is the list of sources you used in your essay or other piece of writing and is included at the end of your assignment.
- A references list includes only those works you actually cited (used). Entries are listed alphabetically by author.
Referencing styles chevron_right
Most schools at Charles Sturt University use the American Psychological Association (APA) referencing style, currently in its 6th edition. However, you should always check your Subject Outline to determine specific referencing requirements of each subject and consult with your lecturer if in doubt as to the referencing style required.
- Academic Referencing Tool (ART)
- Download the Charles Sturt University APA Referencing Summary
- Charles Sturt example of an APA Reference List
For the times when you need a more comprehensive set of reference examples, download Chapter 7, Reference Examples in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. This electronic version is available in the Charles Sturt Library Electronic Reserve collection.
Referencing software chevron_right
A range of referencing software exists to assist you to manage your reference information.
Endnote can produce reference lists in a variety of standard referencing styles (eg. APA, Chicago, MLA). Endnote is also a powerful tool for organizing your research and can be used to store and catalogue articles saved as pdfs. Endnote is available from the Charles Sturt University Library.
Please note - EndNote and OneDrive are currently incompatible. Using OneDrive to store your EndNote library and Word documents with EndNote cite-while-you-write (CWYW) references will result in a corrupted library and documents. For more information - please contact your local faculty liaison team.
Downloads and guides chevron_right
- APA (7th ed.) transition guide for students
- Charles Sturt University example of an APA Reference List
- Avoiding plagiarism
- APA style guide
Additional Referencing Guides
Video tutorials chevron_right
Learn how to reference any sources you need in the APA Style with Academic Writer. We have curated a list of the most useful video referencing video tutorials for you to learn more.
Workshops and appointments
Talk to an expert chevron_right