BMS126 Foundations Of Human Physiology (8)

This subject describes the physiology of the human body, emphasising aspects pertinent to allied health professions. Starting with concepts in chemistry and biochemistry related to human physiology, it explores the function of the human body in health and disease placing emphasis on its hierarchical organisation from molecules to organ systems.

No offerings have been identified for this subject in 2021.

Where differences exist between the Handbook and the SAL, the SAL should be taken as containing the correct subject offering details.

Subject Information

Grading System



One session


School of Community Health

Enrolment Restrictions

Bachelor of  Health Science (Speech Pathology)
Bachelor of Occupational Therapy
Bachelor of Health Science (Speech Pathology) Honours
Bachelor of Occupational Therapy Honours

Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion of this subject, students should:
  • Describe the principles of chemistry related to biological function
  • Describe the basic principles of biochemical processes
  • Describe cell and tissue structure and function
  • Describe basic physiological principles and the relationship between structure and function of the human body;
  • Describe the organisation and function of the nervous system
  • Describe the function of the endocrine system, hormones produced, and their mechanisms of action;
  • Describe the physiology of muscle contraction;
  • Describe the structure and function of the cardiovascular system
  • Describe the physiological principles of respiration;
  • Describe the essentials of digestion and absorption
  • Describe renal function
  • Describe basic human genetics and heredity
  • Describe the basic principles of infection control


This subject will cover the following topics:
  • Cell and tissue structure and function; the eukaryotic cell, organelles, DNA replication, transcription, translation, mitosis, chromosomes and genetics;
  • Homeostasis, negative feedback mechanisms;
  • Neural Control Systems: functional anatomy of the nervous system, membrane potentials, synapses, receptors, special senses, pain;
  • Endocrine Systems: target cell specificity, mechanisms of hormone action, control of hormone secretion;
  • Musculoskeletal physiology with particular emphasis on muscle contraction; formation, structure and function of bone;
  • Circulation: the cardiac cycle, ECG, cardiac output, haemodynamics, regulation of blood pressure, cardiovascular homeostasis;
  • Respiration, ventilation and lung mechanics, gas exchange, transport of gases in the blood, control of respiration, speech;
  • A brief overview of the physiology of blood, its components, haemostasis, mechanisms of immunity;
  • A brief overview of digestion and absorption of food
  • Infection control
  • Renal physiology, mechanism of urine formation, regulation of pH, sodium, chloride and water balance

Indicative Assessment

The following table summarises the assessment tasks for the online offering of BMS126 in Session 1 2020. Please note this is a guide only. Assessment tasks are regularly updated and can also differ to suit the mode of study (online or on campus).

Item Number
Value %
Online quizzes
Mid-session exam
Final exam
Laboratory attendance

Special Resources

Access to an appropriately resourced laboratory to study microbiology and infection control. This is already available on the Albury-Wodonga campus.

The information contained in the CSU Handbook was accurate at the date of publication: May 2021. The University reserves the right to vary the information at any time without notice.