ISL101 Mantiq (Logic) and Critical Reasoning (8)

The ability to reason persuasively and analyse objectively arguments posed by others are essential skills in Islamic studies and modern academia. This subject introduces students to principles of critical reasoning and how to apply those in written and spoken works. Students will develop the skills to differentiate between valid and invalid, sound and unsound arguments. They will also practice and develop skills in constructing sound logical arguments and identifying logical fallacies. It covers the place of mantiq (logic) within Islamic scholarship. Historically Muslim logicians were able to develop a distinct system of logic, uniquely suited for examining concepts, ideas, and strictures rooted in divine revelation.

No offerings have been identified for this subject in 2021.

Where differences exist between the Handbook and the SAL, the SAL should be taken as containing the correct subject offering details.

Subject Information

Grading System



One session


Centre for Islamic Studies and Civilisation

Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion of this subject, students should:
  • be able to demonstrate an understanding of the role of reasoning and logic (mantiq) in Islamic studies;
  • be able to demonstrate the ability to construct sound and valid logical arguments;
  • be able to investigate and critically analyse the reasoning of others and identify logical fallacies;
  • be able to apply critical reasoning in their spoken and written work; and
  • be able to demonstrate an appreciation for Muslim scholars of mantiq (logic).


This subject will cover the following topics:
  • Introduction to mantiq (logic) and reasoning
  • Validity and soundness in reasoning
  • Persuasion matters in reasoning
  • How to give logically sound reasoning
  • How to evaluate reasoning of others
  • Valid logical forms
  • Complex logical forms
  • Everyday reasoning and its effectiveness
  • Five rules of mantiq by al-Ghazali
  • Reasoning by analogy
  • Abductive reasoning and statistical generalisation
  • Causal generalisation

Indicative Assessment

The following table summarises the assessment tasks for the online offering of ISL101 in Session 1 2020. Please note this is a guide only. Assessment tasks are regularly updated and can also differ to suit the mode of study (online or on campus).

Item Number
Value %
Online quizzes
Guided essay
Take home exam
Participation and engagement

The information contained in the CSU Handbook was accurate at the date of publication: May 2021. The University reserves the right to vary the information at any time without notice.