ILWS - Charles Sturt University
ILWS - Charles Sturt University

Biodiversity Conservation

This theme is the platform for research projects undertaken by both the Institute's terrestrial and aquatic ecologists working on one or more aspects of biodiversity conservation including landscape ecology, environmental history, vegetation and wildlife ecology, restoration ecology, plant-animal interactions, ecosystem services and native fish conservation. Current major projects include an Australia-wide bio-acoustic observatory and a project funded by an ARC Discovery Early Career Research Award which is looking at whether Indigenous land management practices can forestall an extinction crisis.

  • Current Projects
  • Completed Projects
  • Higher Degree Research
  • Research Activities

Current Projects

Acoustics for large scale biodiversity assessment. Schwarzkopf, L., Fuller, R., Roe, P., Watson, D. & McDonald, P. (2020-2023) Project led by James Cook University, ARC Discovery grant, Total project $560,082

Advancing fish-protection screening at Australian water diversions. Baumgartner, L. (2019-2022) NSW DPI, $95,000

Can Indigenous land management forestall an extinction crisis?  Nimmo, D. (2017-2020) ARC Discovery Early Career Researcher Award, $372,000 Project details

Can excluding feral livestock from waterholes recreate refuges for savannah birds? Massaro, M., Nimmo, D., Price, J., Mihailou, H. (PhD student) & Vincent, J.  (2017-2020) Hermon Slade Foundation, $72,224. Project Details

Can Indigenous fire management restore mammal communities? Nimmo, D. Bird, R.B. (Pennsylvania State University), Bird, D. (Pennsylvania State University), Ritchie, E., (Deakin University) (2016-2020) Hermon Slade Foundation, $85,971 Project details

Compact cities or sprawling suburbs? Optimal design of growing cities to conserve biodiversity, Nimmo, D. (2017-2020) Australian Academy of Science-WH Gladstones Population & Environment Fund, $24,000 Project details

Computational methods for population-size-dependant branching processes. Hautphenne, S., Nguyen, G. & Massaro, M. (2020-2023) project led by the University of Melbourne. ARC Discovery grant,Total project $380,000

Community reforestation for biodiversity and livelihood diversification in Timor-Leste. Millar, J. (2017-2021) UK Darwin Initiative Fund, $528,703 Project details

Connectivity analyses for Slopes to Summit project, Spooner, P. & McDonald, S. (2016-2020) Holbrook Landcare and NSW Environmental Trust (Bush Connects), $30,000 Project details

Developing design guidelines for diversion screens that save native fish and enhance agricultural productivity. Baumgartner, L., Ning, N. & Silva, L. (2018-2020) Ian Potter Foundation, $299,331 Project details

Drivers of fisheries recruitment in semi-arid river systems. Baumgartner, L. (2020 – 2022) NSW DPI, $26,500 Project details

Fishing for answers: Unlocking spawning secrets of Australian native fish. Baumgartner, L., Silva, L., Thiem, J. (2016-2020) Recreational Fishing Trust. $100,000 Project details

Fish investigations associated with Snowy 2.0 - Snowy Hydro Ltd. (Assignment 1). Baumgartner, L., Silva, L., Ning, N.  (2017-2020) Snowy Hydro Ltd. $61,647 Project details

Floristic and vegetation surveys in Murray Valley National Park. Spooner, P. (2019-2020) Department of Planning, Industry and Environment, Contract variation, $196,787.  Project details

How do sandalwoods (Santalum spp.) affect desert communities: integrating above-ground patterns with below-ground processes. Watson, D., Price, J., Frew, A. (2018-2021) Hermon Slade Foundation, $89,522 Project details

Overcoming barriers to intergenerational recruitment in direct-seeded revegetation sites. Price, J. & Guja, L. (Australian National Botanic Gardens) (2019-2020) Australia Flora Foundation, $18,181 Project details

Predicting redfin survival through the Snowy 2.0 scheme. Assignment 2. Baumgartner, L., Silva, L., Ning, N. & McPherson, J. (2018-2020) Snowy Hydro Ltd. $848,803 Project details

Screens for Streams: Boosting native fish stocks through improved water extraction practices. Nayeem, T., Pawsey, N. & Baumgartner, L. (2019-2023) NSW DPI-NSW Recreational Fishing Trust grant, $253,165. Total budget of the project is $314,490.  Project details

Seed Biology of grassy ecosystem species. Price, J., Nimmo, D. & Hodges, J. (PhD student) (2019 - 2022) Director of National Parks, $46,363. Project details

Stuffed Murray Cod in Pubs. Humphries, P., McCasker, N., Kopf, R.  & O'Connell, M. (PhD student), (2017-2020) MDBA Scholarship grant, $45,000 Project details

The impacts of feral livestock visitation to waterholes and their flow-on effects for native birds and mammals. Massaro, M., Mihailou, H. (PhD student) (2018-2020) Holsworth Wildlife Research Endowment, $4705

The influence of invasive predators and fire regimes on northern quolls. Nimmo, D. & Moore, H. (PhD student) (2017-2020) WA Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions, $78,000. Project details

What are the effects of the rodent eradication on the threatened Lord Howe currawong and its diet? Massaro, M., Whitsed, R. & Segal, R. (PhD student) (2018-2021) Australia and Pacific Science Foundation, $36,240 Project details

Completed Projects

Acoustic Observatory: a network to monitor biodiversity across Australia. (2017-2020) ARC Linkage Infrastructure, Equipment and Facilities project ($900,000) led by Queensland University of Technology with ILWS team members Watson, D., Luck, G. & Nimmo, D.

Bio-Acoustic Observatory: Engaging Birdwatchers to Monitor Biodiversity by Collaboratively Collecting and Analysing Big Audio Data. Roe, P., Brereton, M., & Watson, D, M. (2014-2017) ARC Discovery grant,  $477,000 Project details

Can landscape structure enhance the resilience of biodiversity to climatic extremes? Insights from the  Millennium  Drought.  Nimmo, D.,  Bennett, A. (La Trobe Uni),  Haslem, A. (LaTrobe Uni) & Radford, J. (Bush Heritage Australia). (2015-2018) Hermon Slade Foundation, $86,210 Project details

Complementary measures for native fish. Baumgartner, L. (2017) CSIRO/Murray-Darling Basin Authority. $33,000

Development of strategies to optimise release and clean up strategies underpinning possible use of herpes virus 3 (CyHV-3) for carp biocontrol in Australia. Silva, L, & Baumgartner, L. (2017) Fisheries Research & Development Corporation. $39,000. Project Details

Ecology of the northern quoll (Dasyurus hallucatus) in the Pilbara. Nimmo, D. & Moore, H. (PhD student) (2017-2018), Holsworth Wildlife Research Endowment, $5500

Ecological assessment of the status of the Southern Bell Frog and Sloane's froglet in Mywurlie station, One Tree NSW. Wassens, S., Knight, A., Walcott, A. & Heard, G. (2017-2018), Murrumbidgee Irrigation Ltd, $46,948. Project details

Ecosystem services provided by birds in agricultural landscapes, Luck, G., Saunders, M., & Peisley, R. (2015-2017), Wildlife Preservation Society of Australia, $1000

Environmental drivers of disease risk in relic Bell Frog populations in East Gippsland. Heard, G., Wassens, S. & Turner, A. (PhD student) (2018-2019) Greening Australia, $32,403

Germination trials of grassy woodland species. Price, J. (2017) Goulburn Broken CMA, $3000.

Grassland biodiversity and solar farms. Price, J. (2019) Darlington Point Solar Farm (Edify Energy), $10,000

Macca's in the Mannus, Macquarie Perch Refuge in the Upper Murray. Baumgartner, L., Silva, L., Kopf, S. (2017) NSW Department of Primary Industries/Murray LLS, $120,000 Project details

Murray Small-bodied threatened fish project. Baumgartner, L., Silva, L. & Kopf, S. (2017) NSW Department of Primary Industries/Murray LLS, $52,000 Project details

Overcoming barriers to intergenerational recruitment in direct-seeded revegetation sites. Price, J. & Guja, L. (Australian National Botanic Gardens) (2019-2020) Australia Flora Foundation, $18,181

Phase 2: Ecological assessment of the status of the Southern bell frog and Sloane’s froglet in Mywurlie Station, One Tree, NSW. Knight, A., Wassens, S., & Heard, G. (2018-2019) Murrumbidgee Irrigation ltd, $45,673

PIT tag data analysis project.  Huang, X., Baumgartner, L., and Li, J. (2018-2019) Karltek Pty Ltd., $25,000 Project details

Predicting the delivery of ecosystem services in agricultural landscapes, Luck, G. (2014-2017) ARC Discovery grant, $360,000 Project details

Reconnaissance and recommendations on mistletoe management in macadamia orchards. Watson, D. & Watson, J. (2018-2019) Horticulture Innovation Australia Ltd, $18,000  Final Report

Recovery of native fish communities in the Murray-Darling Basin. Baumgartner, L. (2017) Fisheries Research and Development Corporation, $18,948.

River Red Gum Ecological thinning trial (Honours project). Spooner, P. (2017) NSW OEH, $8000

River red gum floristics and vegetation monitoring 2017-2018. Spooner, P. (2017-2018) DECCW $186,471 Project details

Spatial ecology of the endangered Inland Carpet Python. Heard, G. (2018-2019) Parks Victoria – Research Partners Panel, $10,000

The impact of buffel grass invasion on Indigenous food plants and animals in Australia’s Western Desert. Nimmo, D., Greenwood, L. (PhD student) (2018-2019) Holsworth Wildlife Research Endowment, $6750. Project details

The impact of feral ungulate visitation to ephemeral savannah waterholes and their flow on effects for native birds. Mihailou, H., Massaro, M., (2017-2018) Birdlife Australia, $3500  Project details

Full list of all completed Projects

Current HDR students

Pauline Andree: Determinants of vocal variation in Australian cuckoos. (Masters) Principal supervisor Professor David Watson

Celia Connor: Invasive woody plants in linear habitats. Principal supervisor Associate Professor Peter Spooner

Mitchell Cowan: The use of artificial refuges for northern quolls (Dasyurus hallucatus) in the Pilbara, WA. Principal Supervisor Associate Professor Dale Nimmo

Leanne Greenwood: The interactions between Indigenous burning, plant communities and fungal communities in Australia's western deserts. Principal supervisor Associate Professor Dale Nimmo

Liam Grimmett: Simulating ecological processes in virtual communities to test the transferability of species distrubtion models to novel environments. Principal supervisor Associate Professor Rachel Whitsed

Joshua Hodges: Post-fire seedling recruitment in grasslands of south-eastern Australia. Principal supervisor Dr Jodi Price

Richard McLellan: The ecology of Santalaceae species (Sandalwood, Quandong, Leafless Ballart) in semi-arid ranglelands of mid-west Australia. (Masters) Principal supervisor Professor David Watson

Helenna Mihailou: The effects of feral animals on bird diversity around waterholes in the Northern Territory. Principal supervisor Dr Melanie Massaro

Harry Moore: Northern quolls in the Pilbara region of WA. Principal supervisor Associate Professor Dale Nimmo

Thomas Munro: Seed enhancement technologies to overcome barriers to mining restoration. Principal supervisor Dr Jodi Price

Dena Paris: Foraging behaviours, habitat use and density related reproductive performance and dispersal in the endangered Chatham Island black robin. Principal supervisor Dr Melanie Massaro

Leia Rogers: Fish behaviour and ecology in native freshwater fish. Principal supervisor Dr Raf Friere

Dr Richard Segal: Investigating the effects of rodent eradication on the threatened Lord Howe currawong. Principal supervisor Dr Melanie Massaro

Lauren Stoot: Fish in South African and Australian rivers, looking at their natal origins, movement and recruitment. Principal supervisor Professor Lee Baumgartner

Sarah Talbot: An Investigation of Behaviour, Physiology, Morphology and Stability of Animal Personality, in order to Develop a Valid and Standardised Personality Assessment Tool: A Case Study in the Domestic Ferret (Mustela putorius furo). Principal supervisor Associate professor Skye Wassens

Anna Turner: Chytrid fungus on southern bell frogs in the Lowbidgee and Gippsland Lakes. Principal supervisor Associate Professor Skye Wassens



Dr Elizabeth Znidersic: Optimizing monitoring techniques for cryptic wetland birds. Principal supervisor Professor David Watson

Research Activities

As well undertaking externally funded research projects, ILWS members (including Adjunct members) are also engaged in research activities/projects that have either received internal funding from ILWS and/or CSU; are not managed by ILWS; or are non-funded but aligned with their research interests.

Examples under this theme include:

  • a long-term study of mistletoes
  • a world-first trial in which creeping mistletoe seeds have been planted on plane trees in inner Melbourne as a way of increasing biodiversity
  • research for a book on Travelling Stock Routes and Reserves
  • research on global scale patterns in grassland community assemblies;
  • an investigation of the relationship between burrowing frogs and soil health
  • development of a conservation plan for declining turtle numbers
  • a three year study on how heat waves and diet affect folivorous mammals - the ringtail possum
  • the impact of chytrid on frogs (bell frogs)in Australia
  • involvement in projects for the FAUNA (Future-proofing Australasia's Unique Native Animals) Research Alliance, a network which connects researchers and conservation "end user" practitioners from 47 organisations. Projects include the Rewilding Little Desert project in partnership with Conservation Volunteers Australia
  • an investigation of "call playback", a tool used by many birders to help identify birds, and its impact on birds
  • assistance with processing and analysing data sets for the NGO Panthera, in Cali, Columbia, which is working to save jaguars
  • an Artist In Residence project with Falls Creek Resort Management (FCRM) based on Bogong High Plains' peatlands' research.