ILWS - Charles Sturt University
ILWS - Charles Sturt University

Dr Joanne Millar

Dr Joanne Millar

Dr Joanne Millar, who has over 20 years experience in the government and university sector, has expertise in action research for natural resource management, agriculture, rural development and conservation management. Her research focuses on understanding landholders, farming families and community engagement processes in order to improve rural livelihoods and environmental management. Research projects have been conducted in regional NSW, Victoria, Queensland, Laos and Indonesia with organisations involved in agricultural development and natural resource management. Dr Millar currently works on international research projects commissioned by the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) in Laos and Indonesia to improve smallholder farming and aquaculture systems.

Research Interests

  • Livelihood and environmental impacts of international development
  • Action research for rural development
  • Property rights and conservation
  • Cultural management of natural resources

Bachelor of Agricultural Science, University of Melbourne, 1982

Doctor of Philosophy, Charles Sturt University, 1998

External Appointments & Memberships

International Association for Society and the Commons (member);

Asian Studies Association (member)

Timor Leste Studies Association (member)

Editorial roles on journals

Editorial Board of the International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability;

Member of the International Editorial Board for Mountain Research and Development

Editorial Board for Extension Farming Systems Journal.

Selected Publications

Peer Reviewed Papers

Namgay, K., Millar, J.E., & Black, R.S. (2021). The Future of Transhumants’ Sustainable Resource Use in Bhutan: Pressures and Policies. Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems, 5.

Tenzing, K., Millar, J., & Black, R. (2021). How property rights influence equity, efficiency and sustainability of high-altitude rangeland management in Bhutan. Pastoralism: Research, Policy and Practice, 11(7).

Millar, J., Robinson, W., Baumgartner, L.J., Chittavong, M., Phommavong, T., Singhanouvong, D. (2018) Local perceptions of changes in the use and management of floodplain fisheries commons: the case of Pak Peung wetland in Lao PDR. Journal of Environment, Development and Sustainability. 1-19;

Tenzing, K., Millar, J., Black, R. (2018) Exploring governance of high altitude rangeland in Bhutan using Ostrom’s Design Principles. International Journal of the Commons 12: 428-459  DOI: 10.18352/ijc.828

Millar, J., Robinson, W., Baumgartner, L., Homsombath, K., Chittavong, M., Phommavong, T., Singhanouvong, D., (2018) Local perceptions of changes in the use and management of floodplain fisheries commons: the case of Pak Peung wetland in Lao PDR.  Environment, Development and Sustainability 1-19

Namgay, K., Millar, J. & Black, R. (2017). Dynamics of grazing rights and their impact on migrating cattle herders in Bhutan. The Rangeland Journal. 

Millar, J., Abdurrahman, M., Toribio,J., Ambarawati, I., Yusuf, R.P., Suadnya, W. (2015) Informal inter-island poultry movement in Indonesia: Does it pose a risk to HPAI H5N1 transmission?  Tropical Animal Health and Production. Volume 47, Issue 7, pp 1261-1269

Kurcheid, J., Millar, J., Abdurrahman, M., Ambarawati, I., Suadnya, W., Yusuf, R.P., Toribio, J . (2015) Knowledge and perceptions of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) among poultry traders in live bird markets in Bali and Lombok, Indonesia.  PLOS One. 10(10):e0139917; DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0139917 IF 3.50

Millar, J. E., Boon,H. & King, D.(2015) Do wildfire experiences influence views on climate change?, International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management, Vol. 7 Iss 2 pp.124-139  http://dx.doi.  org/10.1108/IJCCSM-08-2013-0106

King, D., Bird, D., Haynes, K., Boon, H., Cottrell, A., Millar, J., Okada, O., Box, P., Keogh, D., Thomas, M. (2014) Voluntary relocation as an adaptation strategy to extreme weather events. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction DOI : 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2014.02.006

Namgay, K., Millar, J., Black, R. & Samdup, T. (2013) Transhumant agro-pastoralism in Bhutan: Exploring contemporary practices and socio-cultural traditions, Pastoralism: Research, Policy and Practice 3

Millar, J. and Roots, J. (2012) Changes in Australian agriculture and land use: implications for future food security. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability. 10 (1) pp 25-39.

Millar, J., Boon, H., Stevenson, B., Cottrell, A., King D., Stelling, A. and Rogers, M. (2012) Individual and community resilience to natural disasters: a comparison of bushfire and drought events in Victoria. Proceedings of the Australian & New Zealand Disaster and Emergency Management Conference. Brisbane, April 16 – 18, 2012. Pp. 285-300.

Photakoun, V, Millar, J., Race, D. (2012) Factors influencing capacity building for livestock development in Lao PDR: strategies to improve outcomes for upland rural development. Journal of Mekong Societies .Vol 8 (1) pp 137-159.

Boon, H.,  Cotterill, A., Stephenson, R., Millar, J., King, D., Lake, D. (2012) Bronfenbrenner's bioecological theory for modelling community resilience to natural disasters Natural Hazards Volume 60, Issue 2, Pages 381-408


Boon, H.J., Millar, J., Lake, D., Cottrell, A. & King, D. (2012) Recovery from disaster: Resilience, adaptability and perceptions of climate change. Its effect on perceptions of climate change risk and on adaptive behaviours to prevent, prepare, and respond to future climate contingencies, National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility, Gold Coast, 467 pp.


Farmer-Bowers, Q., Higgins, V. and Millar, J.  (eds) (2012) Food Security in Australia: Challenges and Prospects for the Future. Springer  Pty Ltd

Book Chapters

Roots, J. Millar, J. and Thwaites, R. (2012)  Farming in Rural Amenity Landscapes – maintaining food productivity in a changing environment. In Farmer-Bowers, Q., Higgins, V. and Millar, J. (2012) Food Security in Australia: Challenges and Prospects for the Future. Springer

Millar, J. (2011). Extension for Natural Resource Management: changing roles, approaches and methods. In Jennings, J., Woodside, D., and Packham, R. (eds) Enabling the Sustainable Management of Natural Resources and Agricultural Production: The Role of Extension. Australasia Pacific Extension Network (APEN). pp 79-84.

Millar, J. (2010) Land use planning and demographic change: mechanisms for designing rural landscapes and communities. Chapter 8 in Luck, G., Black R and Race D (eds) Demographic change in rural Australia: implications for society and environment. Springer, USA. Pp. 86-100.

Current Projects

Goat production systems and marketing in Laos and Vietnam. Millar, J. (2019-2022) Led by University of New England.  ACIAR, $165,824 Project details

Community reforestation for biodiversity and livelihood diversification in Timor-Leste. Millar, J. (2017-2021), UK Darwin Initiative Fund, $528,703. Project details

Completed Projects

Sustainable rangeland management to protect red panda and herder livelihoods, Millar, J., Finlayson, M., & Tenzing, K. (2016-2019) Darwin Initiative Fund, $540,000  Project details

Socio-economic study of fish harvesting and use by villagers around Pak Peung reservoir in Laos. Millar, J., Baumgartner, L. & Robinson, W.   (2012-2015) (Part of ACIAR project on Development of fish passage technology to increase fisheries production on floodplains in the lower Mekong and Murray-Darling River Basins.) ACIAR $66,180 Project details

Development of fish passage technology to increase fisheries production on floodplains in the lower Mekong, Laos and Murray-Darling River Basins. Baumgartner, L., Millar, J.  & Robinson, W.  (2012-2015) (ACIAR, University of Lao, LARREC).

Socio economic study of farmer adoption of tilapia fish production in Aceh, Indonesia, Millar, J., Robinson, W. & staff from Ujung Batee Fisheries Research Centre  (2010-2015) (Part of ACIAR project Diversification of smallholder coastal aquaculture in Indonesia) Project details

Extension approaches for scaling out livestock production in Lao PDR,  Millar, J. Stelling, A & Photakoun, V. (2007 to 2011).   ACIAR scholarship  EASLP Project