Charles Sturt University
Charles Sturt University

Languages

Languages differ from one another in many ways. This website focuses on how aspects of speech (e.g., consonants, vowels, syllables, tones) differ between languages. The following table includes summary resources to enable speech-language pathologists (SLPs) to compare languages.

It is useful to have a copy of the International Phonetic Alphabet to assist with interpreting the information provided in the table below.

More extensive descriptions of languages and speech acquisition data are available in Phonological Development and Disorders in Children: A Multilingual Perspective (Zhu Hua & Dodd, 2006), the International Guide to Speech Acquisition (McLeod, 2007), and on a companion page on this website:

Information about speech assessments in languages other than English is found on companion pages on this website

LanguageIPA*Info.
for SLPs
Speech testsIntelligibility in Context Scale**Description ***
Afrikaans
(Afrikaans) 
IPA - No  Ethnologue
Arabic (ﺍﻠﻌﺮﺒﯿﱠﺔ)IPA.pdfYesEthnologue
Assyrian
Assyrian
- - No Ethnologue
Bulgarian
(Български)
IPA - YesEthnologue
Cantonese (Yue)
(粵語 (廣東話))
IPA.pdfYes (see Chinese - Traditional) Ethnologue
Chinese (Simplified)
(简体中文) 
(China, Singapore)
- - No -
Chinese (Traditional)
(繁體中文) 
(Hong Kong, Taiwan)
- - No -
Croatian
(hrvatski)
IPA - No Ethnologue
Danish
(dansk)
IPA - Yes - Ethnologue
Dari
(دری)
IPA - No Ethnologue
Dutch 
(Nederlands)
IPA.pdfYes - Ethnologue
EnglishIPA - Yes Ethnologue
Farsi
(فارسی)
IPA - No -
Fijian
(Vakaviti)  
IPA - No -
Filipino 
(Pilipino)
IPA.pdf No Ethnologue
Finnish 
(suomi)
IPA.pdfYesEthnologue
French 
(Français)
IPA.pdfYesEthnologue
German
(Deutsch)
IPA.pdfYesEthnologue
Greek
(Πρότυπο Νέας Ελληνικής)
IPA.pdfYesEthnologue
Gujarati
Gujurati
IPA - No Ethnologue
Hungarian
(Magyar)
IPA.pdfYesEthnologue
Hebrew 
(עברית)
IPA.pdfYesEthnologue
Hindi
(हिन्दी)
IPA - No Ethnologue
(Fijian Hindi)
Icelandic
(Íslenska)
IPA - YesEthnologue
Indonesian
(Bahasa Indonesia)
 
IPA - No Ethnologue
Italian
(Italiano)
IPA - No Ethnologue
Japanese
(日本語)
IPA.pdfYesEthnologue
Khmer
Khmer word
IPA - No Ethnologue
Korean
(한국어)
IPA.pdfYesEthnologue
Malay
(Bahasa Malayu)
IPA  No Ethnologue
Maltese
(Malti)
IPA.pdfYesEthnologue
Mandarin
(Putonghua)
IPA.pdfYes (see Chinese - Simplified) Ethnologue
Norwegian
(Norsk)
IPA.pdfYesEthnologue
Polish
(Polski)
 
IPA - YesEthnologue
Portuguese
(Português)
IPA.pdfYesEthnologue
Punjabi/ Panjabi (ਪੰਜਾਬੀ)IPA - YesEthnologue-PAN Ethnologue-PMU Ethnologue-PNB
Romanian
(româna)
IPA - YesEthnologue
Russian
(русский)
IPA - No Ethnologue
Samoan - .pdfYes - Ethnologue
Serbian
(Српски)
IPA - No Ethnologue
SesothoIPA.pdf No - Ethnologue
Slovak
 (Slovak) 
IPA - No Ethnologue
Slovenian
(slovenšcina)
IPA - YesEthnologue
Somali
(Soomaali)
IPA - No Ethnologue
Spanish
(Español)
IPA.pdfYesEthnologue
Swedish
(Svenska)
IPA - YesEthnologue
Tagalog
(Tagalog/
Filipino)
IPA - No Ethnologue
TamilIPA - Yes - Ethnologue
Telugu - - Yes - Ethnologue
Thai
( ภาษาไทย )
IPA.pdfYesEthnologue
Turkish
(Türkçe)
IPA.pdfYesEthnologue
Venda
(Tshivenda)
- - No - Ethnologue
Vietnamese
(Việt)
IPA.pdfYesEthnologue
Welsh
(Cymraeg)
IPA.pdf No Ethnologue
Xhosa
(isiXhosa)
- - No - Ethnologue
Zapotec - .pdf No - Ethnologue
Zulu
(isiZulu)
IPA - No - Ethnologue

References

Zhu Hua & Dodd, B. (2006). Phonological development and disorders in children: A multilingual perspective. Cleavdon, UK: Multilingual Matters.

*** Lewis, M. P. (Ed.). (2009). Ethnologue: Languages of the world. Dallas, TX: SIL International. Retrieved from http://www.ethnologue.com/

McLeod, S. (Ed). (2007). The international guide to speech acquisition. Clifton Park, NY: Thomson Delmar Learning.

** McLeod, S., Harrison, L. J., & McCormack, J. (2012). Intelligibility in Context Scale. Bathurst, Australia: Charles Sturt University. Retrieved from http://www.csu.edu.au/research/multilingual-speech/ics

* Weinberger, S. H. (2012). Speech accent archive. George Mason University. Retrieved from http://accent.gmu.edu/browse_native.php