BMS221 Human Bioscience 3 (8)

In this subject students study aspects of pharmacology, respiratory and digestive anatomy and physiology, and nutrition and metabolism with particular emphasis on those aspects pertinent to the study of nursing.

Subject Outlines
Current CSU students can view Subject Outlines for recent sessions. Please note that Subject Outlines and assessment tasks are updated each session.

No offerings have been identified for this subject in 2018.

Where differences exist between the Handbook and the SAL, the SAL should be taken as containing the correct subject offering details.

Subject Information

Grading System



One session


School of Biomedical Sciences

Enrolment Restrictions

Available only to students enrolled in Bachelor of Nursing (from Wagga, Albury and Dubbo campuses), Bachelor of Arts, Human Bioscience minor, and the Bachelor of Nursing/Bachelor of Midwifery courses.

Assumed Knowledge
Incompatible Subjects

BMS101, BMS102, BMS231, BMS232

Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion of this subject, students should:
  • describe the major factors affecting the absorption, distribution, metabolism and elimination of drugs
  • compare and contrast the major routes of drug administration
  • describe the time course of responses to drugs and indicate the importance of drug halflife
  • define the terms agonist, antagonist, efficacy and potency
  • explain how drugs produce biological responses
  • explain the therapeutic use and mechanism of action of drugs acting at adrenergic and cholinergic nerve terminals
  • describe the major drug groups which are used to alter behaviour and/or motor activity (eg. antipsychotics, anaesthetics, anticonvulsants, antiparkinsonian drugs)
  • describe the drug groups and their mechanism of action that are used to treat congestive cardiac failure, angina pectoris and hypertension
  • name the major classes of diuretics and explain their mechanism of action
  • describe the major groups of cancer chemotherapeutic agents
  • explain the importance of toxicology, understand adverse reactions and occupational/environmental exposure
  • describe the anatomy of the respiratory system
  • describe the mechanics and control of respiration
  • understand blood gas transport, and the role of haemoglobin in this process
  • identify the major nutrient groups and their nutritional role
  • describe the structure of the three major nutrients, carbohydrates, lipids and proteins
  • describe the structure of the digestive tract
  • outline the physiological processes of digestion
  • outline the chemical events that occur in digestion and subsequent metabolism of the major nutrients
  • appreciate the unique role of the liver in metabolism
  • demonstrate an understanding of the role of hormones in blood glucose homeostasis
  • describe the major infections of the gastrointestinal tract


This subject will cover the following topics:

Pharmacology: * Fundamentals of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. * Autonomic nervous system pharmacology. * Central nervous system pharmacology. * Drugs used to treat cardiovascular disease. * Diuretics. * Introduction to cancer chemotherapy. * Introduction to toxicology. The Respiratory System: * Anatomy of the respiratory system. * Mechanics of breathing. * Gas exchange. * Transport of blood gases. * Control of respiration. * Respiratory microbiology. The Digestive System: * Functional anatomy of the digestive system. * Accessory glands (liver, pancreas). * Digestion and absorption. Nutrition and Metabolism: * The nutrients: their structure, function and purpose structure of the digestive system and the associated organs the role of enzymes and biliary secretions in the digestion and absorption of foodstuffs. * Basic metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids and amino acids. * Role of hormones in control of metabolism.


Current Students

For any enquiries about subject selection or course structure please contact Student Central or or phone on 1800 275 278.

Prospective Students

For further information about Charles Sturt University, or this course offering, please contact info.csu on 1800 275 278 (free call within Australia) or enquire online.

The information contained in the 2018 CSU Handbook was accurate at the date of publication: August 2018. The University reserves the right to vary the information at any time without notice.