Charles Sturt University
Charles Sturt University

Dr Whitehead's List

The list of Bible Plants by Dr Tatham Whitehead, University of North Wales 1962

Plants marked are currently included in the Bible Garden at the ACC&C in Canberra

Creation

1. WHEATS
a. Wild Small Spelt
b. Wild Emmer
c. Small Spelt
d. Emmer
e. Club
2. OATS and BARLEY
a. Bristle-Pointed Oat
b. Short Oat
c. Sterile Oat
d. Wild Wall Barley

3. GRASSES
a. Aegelops umbellulata
b. Aegilops ovuta - Goat Grass
c. Purple Bristle Grass
d. Green Bristle Grass
e. 'Rye' Brome
f. Barrel Brome
g. Upright Brome
h. Compact Brome
i. Ratstail Fescue
j. Rough Dogstail
k. Annual Beard-Grass
4. Tree of Knowledge -Apricot
5. Fig Tree
6. Palestinian Buckthorn
7. Thistle

Deluge

8. Gopher Wood of the Ark
9. Olive
10. Grape-Vine

Age of Patriarchs

11. Kermes or Abraham's Oak
12. Elm-Leaved Bramble
13. Red Lentils
14. Mandrake
15. Plane Tree
16. Hazel Tree
17. Poplar Tree - Joseph in Egypt
18. Stacte (Styrax)
19. Onycha (Cistus)
20. Pistachio Nuts
21. Almond

22. Six-Rowed Barley
23. One-Grained Spelt
24. Broom - Corn Millet
25. Foxtail Millet
26. Common Rush
27. Soft Rush
28. Water Gladioli.
29. Single-eared Wheat
30. Multi-eared Wheat

Moses and Exodus

31. Sweet Calamus
32. 'Burning Bush'
33. Hyssop
34. Date Palm

Culinary Herbs

35. Garlic
36. Egyptian Onion
37. Leek
38. Melon
39. Cucumber
40. Tamarisk or Manna Tree
41. Flowering Ash or 'Manna'
42. Coriander

Bitter Herbs

43. Horehound
44. Wild Lettuce
45. Chicory
46. Endive
47. Sorrel
48. Horse Radish
49. Acacia - Ark of Covenant
50. 'Stacte'
51. 'Onycha'
52. Aaron's Rod - Almond
53. 'Indigo' plant
54. 'Dyer's' Woad
55. Madder

Age of Judges

56. Hyssop
57. Brown Berried Juniper
58. Common Juniper
59. Syrian Juniper
60. Phoenician Juniper or 'Sabine'
61. Wormwood - Artemisia
62. Buxus - Box Tree
63. Myrtle

64. Jotham's Bramble - Lycium
65. Willow - Samson's 'green withes'

Age of Kings

66. Six-Rowed Barley
67. Spelt Wheat
68. Field Peas
69. Field Beans

70. Terebinth Tree
71. Aspens - David's Mulberries
72. Holly Oak or Absalom's Oak
73. Cedar of Lebanon
74. Green Bay Trees

75. Butcher's Broom
76. Brutian Pine - the Thick Trees
77. Genista - the Juniper

78. Weeping Willow of Babylon
79. Phoenician Rose
80. Spiny Burnet
81. Nymphaea - Lotus Bean

Age of the Prophets

82. Elijah's Juniper
83. Wild Gourd or Squirting Cucumber

84. Dove's Dung - Star of Bethlehem
85. Amos's Wormwood and Hemlock
86. Acanthus
87a. Onopordum acanthium
87b. Blue Thistle
88. True Nettle

89. 'Yellow Flag' or Iris pseudacorus
90. Stone Pine
91. Oleander
92. Field Cucumber

93a. Palestinian Buckthorn
93b Palestinian Burweed
93c. Syrian Christ-Thorn
94. Fitches - Nigella
95. Cumin
96a. Narcissus Tazetta
96b. Pancratium

97. The 'Strange' Vine
98a. The Saltwort - Salsola
98b. The Soapwort
98c. Egyptian Fig - Marigold
99. Sea-Purslane - Job's Mallows
100. Retam Broom - Job's Junipers
101a. Cockle in the Barley: corn cockle
101b. Wild Arum
101c. Fleabane
102. Oak of Bashan
103. Butcher's Broom
104. Zizyphus or 'Jujube' Tree
105. Palestinian Buckthorn
106a. Ezekiel's Bread - Beans
106b. Lentils

106c. Millet
106d. Fitches or Spelt Wheat
107. Buxus or Box Tree
108. Ebony Tree
109. Cedar of Lebanon
110. Acacia
111. Myrtle

112. Oil-Tree - Eleagnus
113. The Fir Tree - Pinus Pinea
114. The Pine - Pinus brutia

115. Jonah's Gourd: Castor Oil Plant
116a. The Saltwort
116b. The Soapwort
116c. Egyptian Fig - Marigold

Solomon's Garden

117. Wormwood
118. 'Apples of Gold'- Apricot

119. The Mandrake
120. The Pomegranate
121. Spikenard
122. Saffron
123. Walnut Tree Rose of Sharon
124a. Narcissis Tazetta
124b. Palestinian Tulip
124c. Autumn Saffron
124d. Pancratium 'Lilies of the Valleys'
125a. Oriental Hyacinth

125b. Sternbergia
125c. Madonna Lily
125d. Turk's Cap Lily
126. Rose by the brook: Oleander
127a.The Resurrection Plant
127b. Oleander

New Testament

128. Carob Bean
129. Spelt Wheat - 'Lilies of the Field'
130a. Anemone
130b. Anthemis nobilis
130c. Anthemis tinctoria
131. Mint
132. Rue
133. Cumin
134. 'Dill'
135. The True Vine

136. The Fig Tree
137. 'Tares' among the Wheat
138. Black Mustard
139. The Mulberry Tree
140. Phragmites Reed
141. The Olive of Gethsemane
142. The Judas Tree
143. 'Crown of thorns' bush
144. The Reed-Mace

'Sceptre'

145. The Arundo Reed on which the sponge with vinegar was impaled
146. Flax, of which Jesus's '?seamless' garment was made
147. Aloes, providing the fragrant oil for His body
148. Immortelle