A hard or a digital portfolio (also known as an e-portfolio) is a collection of artefacts/evidence that encourages students to participate in reflective learning to encapsulate their development, growth and progress. Paulson, Paulson, & Meyer (1991) define portfolio as “A purposeful collection of student work that exhibits the student’s efforts, progress and achievements in one or more areas. The collection must include student participation in selecting contents, the criteria for selection, the criteria for judging merit and evidence of self-reflection.” In this way a portfolio is a collection of artefacts, accompanied by student reflection. While it is often used in art and design education, it also has application and value to other disciplines.
Davis, & Ponnamperuma, (2005) in their article titled “Portfolio assessment”. have elaborated on the six questions (why, what, how, when, where, and by whom) that need to answered while considering portfolio assessment.
A portfolio can be delivered in the following ways during the COVID-19 situation as an alternative to a paper-based final examination:
A portfolio is effective as:
QUT Australian ePortfolio project - Queensland University of Technology
Assessing by Portfolio - UNSW
Assessing with e-Portfolios - UNSW
E-Portfolio - Berkeley University