Learning activities need to be aligned with learning outcomes and assessment to provide students with opportunities to develop relevant and appropriate skills, knowledge, values, and attitudes.
Learning activities play an important role in student learning and engagement. Students benefit from the opportunity to reflect upon their learning and to ascertain progression towards outcomes.
The teacher's fundamental task is to get students to engage in learning activities that are likely to result in achieving [the intended learning] outcomes. It is helpful to remember that what the student does is actually more important than what the teacher does. (Schuell, 1986, p.429)
Learning activities should:
Diana Laurillard's Conversational Framework (2012) identified six types of learning activities.
Source: Optimising blended and online learning, Diana Laurillard Professor of Learning with Digital Technology, UCL Knowledge Lab
There are different techniques to embed learning. Your strategies might be different depending on what you're teaching or learner preferences.
Learning through acquisition is when teachers engage students with theories, concepts, and ideas.
Students are supported and guided by teachers to explore and compare theories, concepts, and ideas to develop their own conceptual understanding.
Students use their emerging conceptual understanding to put theory into practice, and utilise feedback to amend their actions and understanding.
Students produce an output to represent their conceptual understanding. The intention of production is to consolidate learning through the process of producing an output.
Students engage with their peers and teacher to articulate and share their ideas and questions. Through discussion, students are able to enhance their conceptual understanding and generate more questions and ideas.
Students work with their peers to address a problem or to complete an output. Collaboration often involves discussion and production.
Laurillard, Diana. (2012). Teaching as a design science. In Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. Routledge.
For more information on this framework and the different types of learning activities, please watch the following video: