Charles Sturt University
Charles Sturt University

Academic Integrity Checking Processes

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Academic Integrity Checking Processes

Resource downloads

  • Step 1: Getting Started
  • Step 2: Reviewing the Cohort
  • Step 3: Reviewing Individual papers

1. Login to Turnitin

Login to turnitin.com with your CSU email address and Turnitin password.

(see school admin for account if you haven’t already got one).

Turnitin login

2. Click on your Class:

Turnitin click on class

3. Create Assignment (if needed)

Turnitin add assignment

Select assignment type

Turnitin create assignment

4. Upload your EASTS Zip

Once in the class:
Choose More Actions and then Submit Turnitin open submission page

Under submit select Zip File Upload

Turnitin select zip upload

Browse for your EASTS Zip File and Click upload

Turnitin browse for file

Turnitin commit papers in zip

Turnitin commit zip files

Once back on the assignment page the reports may take some time to load. Click reload or F5 on your keyboard to refresh.

turnitin report not yet ready

Choose Timing for uploading to Turnitin

You can either upload and view results from Turnitin prior to or after marking. If viewed prior to marking this could potentially reduce marking effort where a referral is required. If viewed post marking this can assist in cases where there is no at fault on the student referred.

5. Review Similarity Reporting

The similarity report is a result of the comparison between the text of the submitted assessment against Turnitin’s repository of works that include active and archived internet information, tens of thousands of journals and periodicals, as well as previously submitted assessment to Turnitin.

What is the Similarity Report?
When a student submits an assessment to Turnitin, it generates a Similarity Report. The Similarity Report is the result of comparison between the text of the submission against a huge database of search targets selected for the assignment; this includes billions of pages of active and archived internet information, a repository of works previously submitted to Turnitin, and a repository of tens of thousands of periodicals, journals, and publications. Any matching or highly similar text discovered is detailed in the Similarity Report.  If matches are found, the texts are highlighted and linked to the original sources. Turnitin also gives the work a 'similarity index', which is the percentage of text in an assignment that has been matched to other sources.

The similarity index is a percentage of a paper's content that matches to Turnitin's databases; it is not an assessment of whether the paper includes plagiarised material.  Once you have the similarity report, it is up to you to use this as an investigative tool to determine if there is any case of plagiarism or collusion.  The report needs to be interpreted carefully in a constructive way to improve the academic integrity of your students work.

6. Are papers below 5% or above 25%?

Under 5%:

So why under 5%? Under 5% can be a result of contract cheating being present. If you suspect contract cheating it is best to refer through the academic process. This may be through inconsistencies in formatting, reference list detail not being matched or a suspicion based on the past performance of the student in question.

Above 25%:

Above 25% is required as this is a general threshold to which issues may be present. Issues may be present at between 5-25% but these issues will usually be to a lesser extent. 25% and over can be perfectly acceptable dependent on the matched content.

7. Glance a cross selection of papers:

Of the papers that do not fall below 5% or above 25% it is best to skim a cross section as some issues of smaller amounts may still be present. These are usually issues related to direct quotes from uncited sources that could make up key value in what is presented.


Sometimes the demonstrated understanding may be inferred by the text that is then dismissed by the matches being present. Usually small matches fall into the educative action space, but referral may be needed if the paper is long or the incorrectly cited matches are important to the assessment.

8. Scroll through similarity reporting under below 5% or above 25%

Once in the assignment, you can sort based on the similarity matches.

Click on the Similarity Heading to order by Similarity.

Turnitin reports sort

Access the first paper of 25% or over.

Turnitin first paper over 25

Analyse the paper and export if needed.

Once finished with this paper click the right arrow to proceed to the next originality report.

Turnitin next report

Access each of the relevant originality reports and assess.

9. Are there any similarity issues present in what is presented?

Is the similarity report unusually low or high?  Are there matches detected with other students work?  These are the sorts of things that constitute further investigation.

What to look for:

Generally acceptable and no action needed:

  • Matches that restate the assignment question.
  • Headers and footers stating the student’s details (name and student number).
  • An accurate reference list with a variety of matches. (i.e. no blocks of references that could be a sign of reference copying)

Turnitin reference list match mixed

Potentially problematic (could be handled by educative feedback or referral):

  • Font and/or font size changes in text
  • Different referencing styles used.
  • Matched text that includes matches for the citation. This can be related to a missed (as cited in citation) or broader issue.

Turnitin match including citation

  • Short matched text with an accurate citation with page numbers but no quotations. Generally treated as an educative action (see educative action below).

Turnitin short match

Problematic: – with action most likely referral:

  • Block long matched text with no citation
  • Different and peppered citations within a larger block of matched text. That is, the citations don’t relate to the matched text. Essentially attempted deception as to the true source of the content.

Turnitin attempt to deceive

10. Is there an attempt to deceive in the similarity matches shown?

If you find an assessment that you consider to contain plagiarism, you have two options as to how you proceed.  Firstly, consider whether the breach of academic integrity was intentional, or potentially the result of not understanding, as an example, how to reference correctly.

If you believe the breach to be the result of inexperience and misunderstanding, then you can use this as an educative moment for your students, to ensure they have the right support moving forward.  If, however, you believe the breach to be intentional, as an example - contract cheating, then you should refer the assessment to the Academic Integrity Officer for your faculty.

Student Academic Misconduct Sanctions Guide

11. Does the level of the deception warrant Investigation?

Some examples that would require you to refer the assessment to your Academic Integrity Team would include:

  • The possibility of contract cheating, where you believe the students to have paid for someone else to complete the assessment on their behalf.
  • A similarity report that indicated a high level of matches with another student’s work.

Action streams

Educative

Providing detail to the student in-text as to the real sources of their information. Such as stating direct quote from X.

Providing detail in the rubric or general comments to:

  • Please be mindful in relation to the requirements regarding direct quotes, such as indenting, page numbers and quote marks.
  • Referencing what you read and being aware of the ‘as cited in’ requirements.
  • Advising that if similar referencing issues are present in a future assessment that their work may be referred to the Head of School or taken up further.

Referral

  • If the levels of inaccurate or deceptive referencing are significant enough the paper should be referred onward according to your faculty academic process (see step 14).

What is Academic Misconduct?

12. Process Next Student

13. Action Stream (Educative): Mark according and refer student to appropriate resources

Providing detail to the student in-text as to the real sources of their information. Such as stating direct quote from X.

Providing detail in the rubric or general comments to:

  • please be mindful in relation to the requirements regarding direct quotes, such as indenting, page numbers and quote marks.
  • Referencing what you read and being aware of the ‘as cited in’ requirements.
  • Advising that if similar referencing issues are present in a future assessment that their work may be referred to the Head of School or taken up further.
  • Academic Skills Resources
  • Resources for referencing
  • Academic Integrity workshops and module

14. Action Stream (Referral): Complete investigation Request Template

No need to provide marked feedback to the student.

The following page contains the various templates for each faculty:

https://www.csu.edu.au/office/student-safety-wellbeing/services/student-conduct/student-misconduct

To export the similarity report, click on the download in the similarity report and choose current view.

Turnitin export originality

Turnitin export current view