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Teaching is a complex activity, requiring knowledge of content, knowledge of the learners and knowledge of different ways to interact with learners and with the content.
There are a number of teaching strategies that are your teaching tools to support learning in higher education. No one strategy works all the time, as learners have different needs and content requires different approaches.
During a session of teaching you will make many decisions about your actions, your words, the sequence of activities and the resources you will make use of. A key decision you will make is the teaching approach you will take. The focus of your teaching will always be the learner: their needs, their engagement, their understanding. however you may choose to take a teacher centred approach or a learner centred approach and this will influence the strategies you then implement with the learners.
Both approaches have a valid place in the repertoire of teaching strategies you will use. The differences include
Having decided on your approach, you will then make decisions about the strategies you will use to engage the learners with the content. Quality teaching uses a range of strategies and includes both teacher-centred and learner-centred approaches. It aims to develop understanding rather than expect rote memorisation. Quality teaching motivates learners to be active learners rather passive. It requires learners applying learning in different contexts, and it provokes curiosity about the content.
Here are some strategies you may want to explore further. It is better to use a range of strategies to provide different learning experiences for your learners. Individual learners respond to different approaches.
One of the most frequently used strategies in higher education teaching, it involves:
Material for this content has been drawn from
Biggs, J. B. & Tang, C. (2011). Teaching for quality learning at university. (4th edn) Berkshire, UK: Open University Press
Fink, L.D. (2013). Creating significant learning experiences. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass
Killen, R. (2015). Effective teaching strategies: lessons from research and practice. (7th edn). Australia: Cengage Learning