Biodiversity - Best Practice

Best Practice

Message to our students and staff

The sustainability sub-plan is a key document supporting Charles Sturt University's corporate strategy. Listed within it are these biodiversity targets:

  • Achieve a 20 per cent allocation of land to biodiversity by 2015 (achieved in 2016)
  • Improve the biodiversity value of allocated land 'year on year' from 2015 (ongoing)

Biodiversity reports were commissioned for each major campus to help staff to identify areas of existing biodiversity value, as well where Charles Sturt University can protect and enhance connectivity between these areas.

Sustainability at Charles Sturt aims to include the majority of the areas identified in these reports in our biodiversity targets, though occasionally natural or human-made factors prevent this. Two examples include:

  • the requirement to provide a buffer area between buildings and vegetation areas for bushfire protection
  • the need to set aside land for future campus development. Where infrequent clearing occurs, Charles Sturt University follows the local council development approval process and offsets this clearing through significant tree planting.


What are the Champion's positions and where are they located
Champion Position Campus
Simon Cole Division of Facilities Management Wagga Wagga
Will PollackDivision of Facilities ManagementWagga Wagga
James Stevens Charles Sturt University Farm Manager Wagga Wagga
Betty-Anne Nannes Division of Facilities Management Orange
Cliff Jackson Division of Facilities Management Bathurst
Cilla Kinross Lecturer, Agriculture and Wine Sciences Orange
Richard Overall Division of Facilities Management Albury-Wodonga
Ben MooreDivision of Facilities ManagementDubbo

Pictured below (from left) Richard Overall, Ben Moore, Cliff Jackson, Betty-Ann Nannes and Cilla Kinross.

Pictured below Biodiversity Management team for Wagga Wagga (back) Simon Cole and Will Pollack and (front left) David Millar (retired) and James Stephens.

Biodiversity team Wagga

Progress toward best practice

This framework was benchmarked on 27 August 2015 and revisited every June. The below graph illustrates our progress towards best practice across the eight (8) activity areas as of 2020.

Biodiversity graph 2020

Volunteer biodiversity monitors at Wagga Wagga Kirra Molony, Agricultural Science student with Tina de Jong from Murrumbidgee Landcare.

Sustainability at Charles Sturt recognises the monitoring contributions from our partner community groups including the Friends of Grasslands (ACT), Dubbo Field Naturalist and Conservation SocietySummer Hill Creekcare, the Woolshed Thurgoona Landcare group and the Hastings Bird Watchers at Port Macquarie.

Charles Sturt University's biodiversity monitoring program was boosted by Environmental Science & Land Management student Trevor Osborne at Albury-Wodonga in 2018. Pictured with Division of Facilities Management's Richard Overall with the map showing the location of the 13 photo-points.

Achievements – stories of most significant change

Vignette: Expanding habitat connectivity for birds and bats

“In my opinion, the most significant biodiversity change that has occurred at CSU Orange has been the wildlife corridors which have expanded habitat for wildlife, particularly bird and bats.

Several years ago, we received funding from the Central West Catchment Management Authority for two major wildlife corridors, one around the main dam and one in the eastern section of the farm.  The latter was not particularly successful, but the shelterbelt around the dam now has several hundred trees, shrubs and groundcovers which has improved connectivity to other treed areas and, enabled birds to complete a circuit around the dam, rather than having to stop and turn around.

We grow all the trees ourselves in the horticultural centre and we have improved our propagation skills. We are also growing many of the trees, shrubs and ground covers for the Aboriginal Park, Girinyalanha developed by Sid Parissi and his team.  This is requiring quite complex propagation skills and is a steep learning curve for us, compared to simply growing farm trees which is relatively straightforward.

Our Peregrine Falcon project started eight years ago in 2008.  We noticed some Peregrines using the water tower as base for hunting.   It occurred to us that if we installed a next box in the empty space in the top of the tower, there was a possibility they might breed in there.  After a year they did just that and they have used the box for breeding every year since.

Now we are into our ninth year of young Peregrine Falcons being produced in this nest box.  We are also into the fifth year of formal research into the breeding behaviour of the birds.  We have two webcams installed in the next box so we can observe their behaviour day and night. There’s a website that I update during the breeding season daily and out of breeding season weekly.  It is interactive so people can comment on what they are seeing and we have fans all over the world, some of them are quite dedicated.

We have three youngsters flying about the campus at the moment, the parents are teaching them how to fly, how to catch their prey on the wing.  At the moment they don’t actually realize that birds are food. I was watching one yesterday and a Red Wattlebird landed next to a juvenile Peregrine and she just looked at it as if it was a neighbour, not potential lunch.   Parents will teach them for another few weeks.

A new planting site is becoming available and is a very exciting project.  Lens Gully is the main drainage line through the campus is a very large area nearly 100 metres wide in some places.  I’m positive it will be a very effective wildlife corridor.  We’re just waiting for the fencing to be finished and we will wait until autumn to start tree planting. It will take more than one planting; it could take years in fact.”

By Dr Cilla Kinross, Lecturer, School of Agricultural and Wine Sciences, Orange.

Vignette: Photo-point monitoring enables us to understanding the effectiveness of our biodiversity management practices on campus.

Luke Gregory

“Some of the changes that have occurred on the Wagga Wagga campus as a result of implementation of the CSU Biodiversity Management Plan between February to August 2016 include the removal of noxious weeds; creation of habitat through the planting of 1100 trees on tree planting day; consultation around the establishment of educational interpretive signage on the hill walking track; and the installation of a system of photo-point monitoring sites.

The most significant change has been the photo-point monitoring sites because it ensures we can assess the effectiveness of our biodiversity management practices over time. This is important given the significant investment in dollars and time the university makes to biodiversity conservation on campus. Additionally, this monitoring system is a potentially valuable community engagement education tool. Photo comparisons will make it easier to analyse changes in the composition of flora over time at each site.

Until now, we have only been able to monitor vegetation change through surveys conducted at three to five year intervals. This new monitoring system is the first in a series to be implemented, which will give us additional and more "real-time" feedback on our efforts. 

The project involved researching what needed to be considered when establishing a photo-point monitoring program. Then appropriate sites were selected based on that information and star pickets were installed at 32 sites. Finally, we commenced the collection of baseline data in the form of photos ​and written observations at each site.

Now the system is in place, we will be able to make comparisons between sites and analyse the images over time. This will enable us to improve our understanding of the effectiveness of our biodiversity management practices.”

By Luke Gregory, Veterinarian/Environmental Science student, 18 August 2016.