Lee Baumgartner is a Freshwater Fish Ecologist who designs, supervises and undertakes into various aspects of the biology and ecology of freshwater fish. His research has been in several broad areas, including fish passage and fish migration, dietary interactions among native fish species, the impact of human disturbance on aquatic ecosystems and, more recently, the effectiveness of native fish stocking. Dr Baumgartners' work has also focused on developing innovative methods for assessment (such as the adaptation of sonar technology to for migration studies) and improving existing fish collection techniques. Much of his work is applied and has fed back into adaptive management strategies which have resulted in state and national policy development. Recently, he has been involved in research activities in the lower Mekong Basin; specifically understanding mechanisms to help fisheries recover from human disturbance and quantifying the value of fish in a food security context.
Bachelor of Science. (Biological Science) – Deakin University
Bachelor of Science. (Aquatic Science with Honours) – Deakin University
PhD Applied Ecology – University of Canberra
Membership of Advisory Boards
Australian Society for Fish Biology (NSW Representative); American Fisheries Society (member); Association of Power Biologists (member); Fish Passage Task Force (member); Murray Cod Fishery Management Group (member); International Energy Agency Fish and Hydropower Annexe (member); IUCN Freshwater Fish Specialists Group (member); North East Catchment Management Authority(board member).
Marine & Freshwater Research (Associate Editor).
Peer Reviewed Papers
Baumgartner, L.J. & Wibowo, A. (2018) Addressing fish passage issues at hydropower and irrigation infrastructure projects in Indonesia. Marine and Freshwater Research Special Issue on Fish and Hydropower. https://doi.org/10.1071/MF18088: 1-9.
Colotelo, A., Muller, R., Harnish, R., Martinez, J., Phommavong, T., Phommachanh, K., Thorncraft, G., Baumgartner, L.J., Hubbard, J., Rhode, B., Deng, Z. (2018) Injury and mortality of two Mekong species to turbulent shear forces. Marine and Freshwater Research. https://doi.org/10.1071/MF18126. 1-9.
Baumgartner, L. J., Boys, C. A., Marsden, T., McPherson, J., Ning, N., Phonekhampheng, O., Robinson, W.A., Sinhanouvong, D., Stuart, I.G., Thorncraft, G. (2018). Comparing fishway designs for application in a large tropical river system. Ecological Engineering, 120, 36-43. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2018.05.027
Grieve, B., Baumgartner, L.J., Robinson, W., Silva, L.G.M., Pomorin, K., Thorncraft, G., Ning, N. (2018) Evaluating the placement of PIT tags in tropical river fishes: a case study involving two Mekong River species. Fisheries Research 200: 43-48 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fishres.2017.12.009
Watts, R. J., Kopf, R. K., McCasker, N., Howitt, J. A., Conallin, J., Wooden, I. & Baumgartner, L. (2018) Adaptive Management of Environmental Flows: Using Irrigation Infrastructure to Deliver Environmental Benefits During a Large Hypoxic Blackwater Event in the Southern Murray–Darling Basin, Australia. Environmental Management 61: 469-480 DOI 10.1007/s00267-017-0941-1
Grieve, B., Baumgartner, L.J., Robinson, W., Silva, L., Pomorin, K., Thorncraft, G., Ning, N. (2018) Flexible and non-invasive passive integrated transponder (PIT) tagging protocols for tropical freshwater fish species. MethodX. DOI: 10.1016/j.mex.2018.04.001
Silva, A.T., Lucas, M.C., Castro-Santos, T., Katopodis, C., Baumgartner, L.J., Theim, J.D., Pompeu, P.S., O.Brien, G.C., Braun, D.C., Burnett, N.J., Zhu, D.Z., Fjeldstad, HP., Forseth, T., Rajarntnam, N., Williams, J.G., Cooke, S.J. (2017) The future of fish passage science, engineering and practice. Fish and Fisheries DOI: 10.1111/faf.12258
Wilkes, M., Baumgartner, L.J., Pflugrath, B., Boys, C.A., Silva, L.G.M., O’Connor, J., Jones, M., Stuart, I., Habit, E., Link, O., Webb, A.J. (2018) FISH-Net: Probabilistic models for fishway planning, design and monitoring to support environmentally sustainable hydropower in the temperate Southern Hemisphere. Fish and Fisheries. DOI: 10.1111/faf.12282
Millar, J., Robinson, W., Baumgartner, L.J., Chittavong, M., Phommavong, T., Singhanouvong, D. (2018) Local perceptions of changes in the use and management of floodplain fisheries commons: the case of Pak Peung wetland in Lao PDR. Journal of Environment, Development and Sustainability. 1-19; https://doi.org/10.1007/s10668-018-0105-3
Baumgartner, L.J., Boys, C.A., Barlow, C., Roy, M. (2017) Lower Mekong Fish Passage Conference: Applying innovation to secure fisheries productivity. Ecological Management and Restoration. 18: 8-12. DOI: 10.1111/emr.12272
Voicu, R., Banaduc, D., Baumgartner, L.J., Voicu, L., Curtean-Banaduc, A. (2017). Upper Caras River (Danube Watershed) fish populations fragmentation – Technical Rehabilitation Proposal. Transylvanian Review of Systematical and Ecological Research. 20: 69-85. DOI: 10.1515/trser-2018-0006
Silva, A.T., Lucas, M.C., Castro-Santos, T., Katopodis, C.,Baumgartner, L.J., Thiem, J.D., Aarestrup, K., Braun, D., Burnett, N., Fjeldstad, H.P., Forseth, T., Pompeu, P., Rajaratnam, N., Williams, J., Zhu, D.Z. & Cooke, S.J. (2017) The top five ways to improve global fishway research.Fish and Fisheries. 1-23. DOI: 10.1111/faf.12258.
Kopf, R.K., Nimmo, D.G., Humphries, P., Baumgartner, L., Bode, M., Bond, N., Byrom, A.E., Cucherousset, J., Keller, R.P, King, A.J., McGinness, H., Moyle, P.B., & Olden, J.D. (2017) Confronting the risks of large-scale invasive species control. Nature Ecology and Evolution. (1) 0172, 1-4.
Baumgartner, L.J., Thorncraft, G., Boys, C., Singhanouvong, D., Phonekhampheng, O. (2017) Effects of fluid shear on Silver shark; Implications for hydropower design. Fisheries Management and Ecology. DOI:10.1111/fme.12213
Jones, M., Beyer, K., Zampatti, B. & Baumgartner, L.J. (2017) Influence of altered light intensity on passage success through a vertical slot fishway: implications for instream structures. Ecology of Freshwater fish. DOI:10.1111/fme.12205
Baumgartner, L.J., Wooden, I., Conallin, J., Robinson, W., Thiem, J.D. (2017) Informing water delivery to sustain native fish communities during a long-term drought: Management recommendations for dryland streams in Southern Australia. Ecohydrology. DOI:10.1002/eco.1820
Thiem, J.D, Wooden, I.J., Baumgartner, L.J., Butler, G.L., Forbes, J.P., Conallin, J. (2017) An assessment of the contribution of stocking to golden perch and Murray cod recovery in hypoxic blackwater affected areas of the Edward-Wakool river system, Australia. Austral Ecology. DOI:10.1111/aec.12424
Thiem, J.D., Wooden, I.J., Baumgartner, L.J., Butler, G.L., Forbes, J. P., Conallin, J. (2016). Recovery from a fish kill in a semi-arid Australian river: Can stocking augment natural recruitment processes? Austral Ecology. doi:10.1111/aec.12424. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/aec.12424/full
Cameron, L. Baumgartner, L., Butler, G., Bucher, D. & Lou, D. (2016) Using otolith microchemistry to differentiate between stocked and unstocked Australian bass (Percalates novemaculeata). Fisheries Research, 183:86-91
Harris, J.H., Kingsford, R.T., Peirson, W. & Baumgartner, L.J. (2016) Mitigating the effects of barriers to freshwater fish migrations: the Australian experience. Marine and Freshwater Research. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/MF15284
Forbes, J., Watts, R.J., Robinson, W.A., Baumgartner, L.J., Allen, M.S., McGuffie, P., Cameron, L.M. & Crook, D.A. (2015) System-Specific Variability in Murray Cod and Golden Perch Maturation and Growth Influences Fisheries Management Options, North American Journal of Fisheries Management, 35:6, 1226-1238, DOI: 10.1080/02755947.2015.1094153
Crook, D.A., O'Mahony, D.J, Gillanders, B.M., Munro, A.R., Sanger, A.C., Thurstan, S., Baumgartner, L.J. (2015). Effects of stocking on the population structure and abundance of a native riverine fish. Marine and Freshwater Research. DO10.1071.MF15037.
Forbes, J., Baumgartner, L.J., Robinson, W., Watts, R.J., McGuffie, P., Cameron, L. and Crook D. (2015). Assessment of stocking effectiveness for Murray cod (Maccullochella peelii) and golden perch (Macquaria ambigua) in rivers and impoundments of south eastern Australia. Marine and Freshwater Research. DOI 10.1071.MF15230
Baumgartner, L.J. (2015). Adaptive management in action: using chemical marking to advance fish recovery programs in the Murray–Darling Basin. Marine and Freshwater Research. DOI10.1071. MF15353.
Boys, C.A., Robinson, W.R., Miller, B., Pflugrath, B., Baumgartner, L.J, Navarro, A., Brown, R. (2015). Understanding fish welfare at river infrastructure: A piecewise regression approach to determining barotrauma injury thresholds. Journal of Fish Biology.
Forbes, J., Baumgartner L.J., Robinson R, Watts R., Murphy, J., Steffe, A. (2015). Recreational Fishing Effort, Catch, and Harvest for Murray cod Maccullochella peelii and Golden perch Macquaria ambigua, in the Murrumbidgee River, Australia.North American Journal of Fisheries Management 35: 254-264.
Brown, R.S., Colotelo, A.H., Pflugrath, B.D., Boys, C.A., Baumgartner, L.J., Deng, Z. D., Silva, L.G.M., Brauner, C.J., Mallen-Cooper, M., Phonekhampeng, O., Thorncraft, G., Singhanouvong, D. (2014). Understanding barotrauma in fish passing hydro and irrigation structures: a global strategy for sustainable development of water resources. Fisheries. 39 (3): 108-122.
Baumgartner, L.J, Zampatti, B., Jones, M., Stuart, I., Mallen-Cooper, M. (2014). Fishways and Fish Migration in the Murray-Darling Basin: Not just an upstream battle. Ecological Management and Restoration, 15 (S1): 28-39.
Baumgartner, L.J., Conallin, J., Wooden, I., Campbell, B., Gee, R. and Robinson, W. (2014). Linking biological needs with hydrology to develop environmental flow requirements for freshwater fish in riverine systems. Fish and Fisheries, 15 (3): 410-427.
Silva, L,G., Pearce, L., Mabon, S., Horta, A., Duffy, D., Kopf, S., Ning, N., & Baumgartner, L,J. (2018). Macca’s in the Mannus, Macquarie perch refuge in the Upper Murray. ILWS Report No 114.
Pearce L., Silva, L.G., Mabon, S., Horta, A., Duffy, D., Ning, N., & Baumgartner, L.J. (2018). Finding forgotten fishes, the search for two endangered species in the NSW Murray Catchment. ILWS Report No 112.
Silva, L.G.M., Bell, K., Baumgartner, L.J. (2018) Clean-up procedures applied to global fish kill events: A review for the National Carp Control Plan. FRDC Project No 2016/158. 61pp.
Forbes, J., Steffe, A.S, Baumgartner, L.J. (2017). Preliminary assessment of the Lake Eucumbene summer recreational fishery. New South Wales Department of Primary Industries. Fisheries Final Report No. 156. Sydney, Australia. 38pp.
Baumgartner, L.J., Boys, C.A., Gilligan, D.M., Silva, L.G., Pflugrath, B., Ning, N. (2017) Fish transfer risk associated with Snowy 2.0 pumped hydro scheme. ILWS Report No 107.
Cresswell, I., Baumgartner, L.J., Bond, N., Brown, P., Chua, S., Cooling, M., Cuddy, S., Hillman, T., Kingsford, R., Lester, R., Mallen-Cooper, M., McGinness H, Nicol S, Nielsen D, Robson B, Stratford D, Webb A. (2017). Scoping the development of a method to assess the relative environmental benefits of Complementary Measures. CSIRO Land and Water, Report to the Murray-Darling Basin Commission. 121pp.
Baumgartner, L.J. & Pomorin, K. (2017) The FishNet Database. Institute for Land, Water and Society, Thurgoona. Report to the Australian National Data Service. 6pp.
Baumgartner, L.J. (2017) Peer review of Sustainable Diversion Limit (SDL) adjustment – Complimentary Measures. Institute for Land Water and Society, Thurgoona. Report to Department of Agriculture and Water Resources. 16pp.
Baumgartner, L.J. (2016). Restoring fish migration. RipRap 39:30-32.
Baumgartner, L., Marsden,T., Millar,J., Thorncraft,G., Phonekhampheng, O., Singhanouvong, D., Homsombath, K., Robinson, W., McPherson, J., Martin, K., & Boys, C. (2016) Development of fish passage technology to increase fisheries production on floodplains in the lower Mekong basin, Final Report, ACIAR http://aciar.gov.au/files/fis-2009-041_fr2016-01.pdf
Rice, B. & Baumgartner, L.J. (2018) Sharing international knowledge of fish passage in the Lower Mekong. In Brink, K., Gough, P., Royte, J. Schollema, P.P. & Wanningen, H. From Sea to Source 2.0. Protection and Restoration of fish migration in rivers worldwide. World Fish Migration Foundation. Pp70-75 For a download of the book you will need to sign up for your own download link as this link is only valid for one download.
Pittock, J., Baumgartner, L., Finlayson, C.M., Thiem, J.D., Forbes, J.P., Silva, L.G.M. & Arthington, A.H. (2017) Managing threats to freshwater systems within protected areas in Finlayson, C.M., Arthington, A.H., Pittock, J. (eds) Freshwater Ecosystems in Protected Areas, Conservation and Management. Routledge
Conference Presentations and Proceedings
Millar, J., Baumgartner, L., Homsoumbath, K., Phommavong, T. (2017) Changes in the role and management of wetland commons in the Lao PDR: the case of Pak Peung wetland. International Association for Society and the Commons Conference 10-15 July 2016, Utrecht, the Netherlands.
Baumgartner, L. (2016) Designing fishways for floodplain species of the Lower Mekong Basin. Presented at the Australian Society of Fish Biology and Oceania Chondrlchthyan Society Conference 2016, Sept 4-7, Tasmania
PIT tag data analysis project. Huang, X., Baumgartner, L., and Li, J.(2018-2019) Karltek Pty Ltd., $25,000
Assessing fisheries mitigation measures at Xayaburi Dam in Lao PDR. Baumgartner, L. & Silva, L. (2017-2019) ACIAR, $320,000 (MOU – Xayaburi Power Company Limited)
Developing design guidelines for diversion screens that save native fish and enhance agricultural productivity. Baumgartner, L., Ning, N. & Silva, L. (2018-2020) Ian Potter Foundation, $299,331 Project details
Environmentally sustainable irrigation solutions for the Murray-Darling Basin. (2017) Baumgartner, L. Australian Academy of Technology and Engineering-Global Connections Fund – Bridging Grant, $49,966
Fish investigations associated with Snowy 2.0 - Snowy Hydro Ltd. (Assignment 1). Baumgartner, L., Silva, L., Ning, N. (2017-2020) Snowy Hydro Ltd. $61,647 Project details
Fishing for answers: Unlocking spawning secrets of Australian native fish. Baumgartner, L., Silva, L., Thiem, J. (2016-2020) Recreational Fishing Trust. $100,000 Project Details
Macca's in the Mannus, Macquarie Perch Refuge in the Upper Murray. Baumgartner, L., Silva, L., Kopf, S. (2017) NSW Department of Primary Industries/Murray LLS, $120,000 Project details
In search of the elusive Mekong salmon. Baumgartner, L. & Vu, V.A. (PhD student), (2016-2018), National Geographic Society Research Grant, $30,080 Project details
Predicting redfin survival through the Snowy 2.0 scheme. Assignment 2. Baumgartner, L., Silva, L., Ning, N. & McPherson, J. (2018-2019) Snowy Hydro Ltd. $848,803
Quantifying improved fisheries productivity at fish passage rehabilitation sites in Lao PDR. Baumgartner,L., Robinson,W., McPherson,J. with Thorncraft,G. (National University of Laos), Phonekhampheng,O. (National University of Laos), Singhanouvong,D. (Living Aquatic Resources Research Centre) and Cooper,B. (UniSA) (2016-2020) ACIAR, $1,890,224 Project details
Quantifying improved fisheries productivity at fish rehabilitation sites in Lao PDR extension. Baumgartner, L., Marsden, T., Ning, N. & Horta, A. (2018-2019) ACIAR & USAID, $800,000
Recovery of native fish communities in the Murray-Darling Basin. Baumgartner, L. (2017) Fisheries Research and Development Corporation, $18,948
The role that Deltas play in sustain basin-scale fisheries in the Mekong and Irrawaddy Rivers. Baumgartner L., & Vu. V.A. (PhD student) (2017-2020) IHE Delft. $30,127 Project details
Development of strategies to optimise release and clean up strategies underpinning possible use of herpes virus 3 (CyHV-3) for carp biocontrol in Australia. Silva, L, & Baumgartner, L. (2017) Fisheries Research & Development Corporation. $39,000
Murray Small-bodied threatened fish project. Baumgartner, L., Silva, L. & Kopf, S. (2017) NSW Department of Primary Industries/Murray LLS, $52,000 Project details
Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP) for water research. (2016) Watts, R., Baumgartner, L., Wassens, S., Hall, A. CSU RIBG Grant, $49,919
Complementary measures for native fish. Baumgartner, L. (2017) CSIRO/Murray-Darling Basin Authority. $33,000
Determining optimal design criteria for hydroelectric facilities in NSW and the Lower Mekong Basin. Boys, C.A., Baumgartner, L., Jones, M. (2012-2017) Australian Centre for Renewable Energy, Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research $790,000
Evidence-based scientific advice – Lasting environmental benefits of non-flow measures in the Murray Darling Basin. (2016) Baumgartner, L. Department of Agriculture & Water Resources (Fisheries & Forestry) $9090
Foundational activities for the Fish Theme of Environmental Water Knowledge and Research (EWKR). Baumgartner, L. (2016) MDRFC, $16,800
Recovery of native fish communities in the Murray-Darling Basin. Baumgartner, L. (2017) Fisheries Research and Development Corporation, $18,948.
Measuring Impacts of Lower Mekong Basin fish passage. Baumgartner, L. (2015) Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research. $1.84 M
Modelling the success of Australian Bass re-stocking. Suthers, Taylor, Baumgartner, L. (2008-2011) Australian Research Council. $210,000
Murray River Fishway Assessment Project. Baumgartner, L., Zampatti, B., Jones, M. (2002-2013) Murray Darling Basin. $5.8M
Transferring fish passage technology to the Lower Mekong and Murray-Darling Basins. Baumgartner, L. (2007-2015) Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research $1.83M